One of the interventions that the Umoja Community programs utilize is learning communities. Learning communities can be “any one of a variety of curricular structures that link together several existing courses—or actually restructure the material entirely—so that students have opportunities for deeper understanding and integration of the material they are learning, and more interaction with one another and their teachers as fellow participants in the learning enterprise” (Gabelnick, 1990, p.2). Typically, learning communities are a group of classes linked by schedule and often revolving around a theme. The Umoja Community also encourages engaging students beyond the classroom by integrating a range of services from around the campus—including recruiting, financial aid, student clubs, etc.—and from the community surrounding the college in the form of mentoring and or material or cash donations. Below is a selected bibliography especially focused on building and sustaining learning communities.